By Ugur Muldur, Fabienne Corvers, Henri Delanghe, Jim Dratwa, Daniela Heimberger, Brian Sloan, Sandrijn Vanslembrouck, J. Potocnik
More than a century in the past Louis Pasteur saw that “Science is aware no kingdom, simply because wisdom belongs to humanity, and is the torch which illuminates the world”. His comment has the entire extra resonance this day with the expanding globa- sation of technology, know-how, and trade. however it additionally underlines a massive fact: that technological know-how has regularly complicated such a lot swiftly whilst it's a collective endeavour, with a robust circulate of information. by way of forging cooperation in learn, Europe has a powerful music list. This 12 months, the eu Union’s Framework Programme for study and Technological improvement celebrates its twentieth birthday. it's the world’s biggest programme in help of transnational learn, selling cooperation, coor- kingdom, and mobility throughout borders. The yr 2007 will see the release of the seventh Framework Programme, the largest and so much bold up to now. This publication will convey how the hot Framework Programme used to be prepare and clarify why it took the form it did. it is going to additionally set out its power affects and the stipulations valuable for it to be a hit. within the difficult new worldwide financial system, wisdom is Europe’s most useful source, and i'm confident that, with its unheard of scale and scope, the seventh Framework Programme is the proper technique for a Europe that wishes to growth in the direction of a knowledge-based financial system. although, the Framework Programme is simply a really modest a part of overall public R&D spending in Europe, the majority of that's performed via nationwide governments.
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Additional info for A New Deal for an Effective European Research Policy: The Design and Impacts of the 7th Framework Programme
69 For a prospective state of play, see European Environment Agency, Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2004 – Progress by the EU and Its Member States Towards Achieving Their Kyoto Protocol Targets, Luxembourg, 2004. 70 OECD and IEA, World Energy Outlook 2004, Paris, 2004. 30 CHAPTER 1 More widely, S&T plays an important part in the EU’s capacity to shape – and implement – international agreements. By way of conclusion, it is worthy of note that the answers which science and technology can bring to environmental problems are increasingly judged with reference to the changes they bring in society.
This tension was first recognised by the ancient Greek philosophers, and has been reflected in recurring calls from philosophers and scientists throughout history, including today, for more “research for its own sake”. Within the context of this tension, the change has been located in what has constituted or better what has been considered useful knowledge in each age, in other words in “the changing social expectation of science”: “What counts as useful knowledge differed from patron to patron and society to society, so that Cosimo de Medici and the United States Department of Energy looked for quite different ‘products’ to be created by their clients, but both traded support for the potential of utility”.
2. 46 The continuity is situated in the tension between the 44 Robert L. Olson and Jessica Biamonte, New Global Agenda. This was demonstrated by a number of FP-funded projects In particular, GARP II funded under FP4 and GREENSENSE funded under FP5 applied the ExternE methodology to the calculation of national damage accounts. 46 This and following paragraph based on Andrew Ede and Lesley B. Cormack, A History of Science in Society – From Philosophy to Utility, Toronto, 2004. , World Resources 2000–2001: People and Ecosystems.
A New Deal for an Effective European Research Policy: The Design and Impacts of the 7th Framework Programme by Ugur Muldur, Fabienne Corvers, Henri Delanghe, Jim Dratwa, Daniela Heimberger, Brian Sloan, Sandrijn Vanslembrouck, J. Potocnik