By Brad Montgomery-Anderson
The Cherokees have the oldest and best-known local American writing approach within the usa. Invented through Sequoyah and made public in 1821, it used to be swiftly followed, resulting in nineteenth-century Cherokee literacy charges as excessive as ninety percentage. This writing approach, the Cherokee syllabary, is absolutely defined and used all through this quantity, the 1st and in basic terms whole released grammar of the Cherokee language.
even though the Cherokee Reference Grammar focuses at the dialect spoken by way of the Cherokees in Oklahoma—the Cherokee state and the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians—it offers the grammatical starting place upon which all of the dialects are established. In his creation, writer Brad Montgomery-Anderson bargains a short account of Cherokee historical past and language revitalization tasks, in addition to directions for utilizing this grammar. The booklet then delves into an evidence of Cherokee pronunciation, orthography, components of speech, and syntax.
whereas the e-book is meant as a reference grammar for knowledgeable students, Montgomery-Anderson offers the data in obtainable levels, relocating from more straightforward examples to extra advanced linguistic constructions. Examples are taken from numerous assets, together with many from the Cherokee Phoenix. Audio clips of assorted textual content examples all through are available at the accompanying CDs. the quantity additionally contains 3 appendices: a word list keyed to the textual content; a typescript for the audio part; and a suite of literary texts: conventional tales and a old account of a seek get together touring up the Arkansas River.
The Cherokee state, because the second-largest tribe within the usa and the most important in Oklahoma, in addition to the United Keetoowah Band and the japanese band of Cherokees, have lots of those who converse their local language. Like different tribes, they've got noticeable a pointy decline within the variety of local audio system, fairly one of the younger, yet they've got replied with bold courses for protecting and revitalizing Cherokee tradition and language. Cherokee Reference Grammar will function a necessary source in advancing those efforts to appreciate Cherokee historical past, language, and tradition all alone terms.
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Additional info for A reference grammar of Oklahoma Cherokee
Chapter 7 discusses nouns, the majority of which are derived form verbs. Chapter 8 focuses on modifiers, a term that encompasses adjectivals and adverbials. Another feature of the grammar is the marking of tones. Such marking is not used in older linguistic works on Cherokee and only began with Feeling’s dictionary (1975). 11 However, the rules underlying this predictability are not well understood; even if there were a systematic description of these rules, they would be too abstract and complex for the purposes of this grammar.
O/ o EYRsqi jayoosiiskooБi ‘You are hungry (habitually)’ c. ’ The phonetic symbols for the vowels are shown in Table 3. The two shaded boxes represent vowels where the lips are rounded. The representation of the vowels used in this grammar is in Table 4. 44 TABLE 3 FRONT HIGH i MID e CENTRAL BACK u ə o a LOW TABLE 4 FRONT HIGH i MID e CENTRAL BACK u v o a LOW Two of the back vowels have lip-rounding, but less so than their English counterparts. All the vowels, with the exception of the mid-central vowel, are tense.
11 Wright (1996) argues for a characterization of Cherokee as a language with lexically marked tone, as opposed to the view held by other linguists that tone is a pitch accent system. 31 1. 1. 1. 2. 1. 2. 3. 2. 1. 2. 3. 3. 4. 62 2. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 1. 2. 77 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. ……91 4. 93 5. 1. 2. …102 6. ………103 7. 107 30 CHAPTER 2: CHEROKEE SOUNDS AND HOW TO WRITE THEM 1. INVENTORY OF SOUNDS Cherokee has a relatively small inventory of sounds; most of the consonants are familiar to a speaker of English or other European languages.
A reference grammar of Oklahoma Cherokee by Brad Montgomery-Anderson